Climate change is now a global reality and a pressing issue of concern for the international community. The impact of climate change is being felt across the globe n varying degrees. For fragile ecosystems and small island nations and communities the change is particularly damaging. Like in many other countries, the impact of climate change is already felt quite significantly, which is causing harm to local communities and ecosystems. The impact can be seen in melting glaciers, changing monsoon patterns, rising sea levels, changing ecosystems and fatal heat waves especially in central and South India. This means it is also impacting the agriculture and associated livelihood options of the local people, whether it is apple growers in Himachal or farmers in Vidharbha. According to a World Bank research unusual and unprecedented spells of hot weather are expected to occur far more frequently and cover much larger areas. Under 4°C warming, the west coast and southern India are projected to shift to new, high-temperature climatic regimes with significant impacts on agriculture. A 2°C rise in the world’s average temperatures will make India’s summer monsoon highly unpredictable, which could precipitate a major crisis, triggering more frequent droughts as well as greater flooding in large parts of India.
In the time to come IPAC intends to promote a more effective, sustainable and equitable climate change regime through capacity building, research and communication on issues of adaptation and technology transfer, and to bridge the gap between development and climate change by disseminating knowledge gained through research activities to a wider audience.